What Is Pagan? Modern paganism, often referred to as contemporary or neopaganism, is a collection of spiritual movements that draw inspiration from pre-Christian, indigenous, and folk traditions. These movements emerged in the 20th century and continue to evolve today. They often emphasize a connection to nature, the cycles of the seasons, and a variety of deities or spiritual forces.

Lilly Dupres

Nature-Centric Beliefs

Modern pagans exhibit a profound reverence for the natural world and the environment, embodying a spiritual connection deeply rooted in a pagan nature religion.


This vibrant faith system emphasizes a harmonious relationship with the Earth, prompting adherents to celebrate the dynamic interplay of the changing seasons, solstices, equinoxes, and various other awe-inspiring natural phenomena.


The essence of this pagan nature religion lies in a holistic acknowledgment of the interconnectedness between humanity and the vast landscape of the natural world, fostering a deep appreciation for the sacredness inherent in every aspect of the Earth.

Polytheism and Pantheism

Modern pagans navigate a diverse spiritual landscape, emphasizing both Polytheism, belief in multiple deities embodying nature and the divine, and Pantheism, perceiving the divine as omnipresent in the natural world.


This inclusive framework allows practitioners to explore spirituality’s depths, drawing inspiration from various sources, fostering a deep appreciation for interconnectedness.


The coexistence of Polytheism and Pantheism adds layers of meaning to the evolving spiritual journeys of modern pagans.

Reconstructionism and Revivalism

Certain pagan communities dedicate themselves to the meticulous process of Reconstructionism, striving to authentically resurrect and reconstruct ancient pagan practices and beliefs. This approach involves a meticulous examination of historical records, folklore, and archaeological findings, aiming to revive the spiritual essence of bygone eras.


Conversely, there are those who align with the philosophy of Revivalism within pagan traditions. These practitioners seek to breathe new life into ancient practices, drawing inspiration from historical sources while allowing room for reinterpretation and adaptation to contemporary contexts. Unlike strict Reconstructionism, Revivalism may incorporate modern elements to keep the traditions relevant and accessible to present-day adherents.

Eclectic Spirituality

At the heart of modern pagan expression is the enigmatic figure of the Eclectic Witch, embodying a dynamic fusion of tradition and personalization. So, what is an Eclectic Witch? An Eclectic Witch is a practitioner who masterfully choreographs their spiritual journey, seamlessly weaving together diverse threads of pagan traditions, mythologies, and spiritual practices.


Embracing the diversity within the pagan landscape, numerous contemporary practitioners identify as Eclectic Witches, with beliefs drawn from various pagan traditions, mythologies, and spiritual practices. An Eclectic Witch, by definition, is an individual who assembles a personalized and dynamic belief system, crafting a unique spiritual journey that aligns with their individual preferences and experiences.

Rituals and Magic

Modern paganism interweaves rituals, ceremonies, and enchanting practices into a vibrant spiritual landscape. Rituals connect practitioners with the divine and celebrate nature’s cycles, while ceremonies amplify collective energy in significant communal events. Enchanting practices, encompassing spellwork and talisman creation, intentionally shape reality by harnessing natural energies.


Invocations establish connections with deities or spirits, deepening relationships and accessing wisdom. Spellwork, through focused rituals and tools, manifests desired outcomes, reflecting personal intentions and attunement to natural forces. Divination, using tools like tarot or runes, unravels fate’s threads, offering insight into past, present, and future, aiding navigation through life’s intricacies.


In the diverse realm of modern paganism, these practices together create a comprehensive framework for spiritual exploration. Whether engaging in structured rituals, communal activities, intentional magic, delicate communication, or gaining insightful revelations, modern paganism becomes a nuanced platform for seekers to craft their distinctive journey.

Community and Festivals

Modern pagans unite in covens to celebrate nature, spirituality, and ancient traditions through collective festivities and meaningful rituals. These gatherings symbolize their profound connection to the cycles of the natural world and the revered divine forces.


Pagans celebrate a number of festivals that hold significant importance in their spiritual calendar. Among these, Beltane, a joyous celebration of fertility and the blossoming of life, sees participants reveling in the vitality of the season. Samhain, marking the end of the harvest season and the beginning of winter, becomes a poignant moment for reflection and connection with ancestors, as the veil between the physical and spiritual realms is believed to be at its thinnest. Yule, observed during the winter solstice, honors the return of the sun’s light and warmth, symbolizing hope and renewal.


Modern pagan covens prioritize ecological awareness and sustainable living, fostering a sense of responsibility for the planet. Communal gatherings and shared practices provide a supportive environment for individuals to deepen their spiritual connections, strengthening coven bonds through festivals and rituals.

Inclusivity and Diversity

Modern paganism is a flourishing movement that thrives on the richness of diversity and inclusivity, fostering a sense of unity among practitioners hailing from diverse cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds.


Within this vibrant community, certain neopagan groups stand out for their wholehearted commitment to inclusiveness. These groups not only welcome but actively embrace LGBTQ+ individuals, creating a safe and supportive space for them within the paganism fold.


Moreover, these progressive neopagan factions go beyond their spiritual practices to champion social justice causes, aligning their values with the broader mission of creating an equitable and compassionate society. In doing so, they exemplify a holistic approach to spirituality that extends beyond individual beliefs to encompass the broader social issues and human experiences.

Wicca and Druidry

Wicca and Druidry, esteemed neopagan traditions, present nuanced avenues within the contemporary pagan landscape.


Wicca, established by Gerald Gardner in the mid-20th century, is distinguished by its dedication to magic, intricate rituals, and the veneration of a dual deity—the God and Goddess. This tradition places a premium on personal experience, empowering practitioners to explore their spiritual journey through various magical practices.


In contrast, Druidry draws inspiration from the ancient Celtic spiritual heritage, weaving a tapestry of beliefs that accentuates reverence for nature, pursuit of wisdom, and a deep-seated connection to the land. Druids often emphasize the significance of trees, with oak being particularly sacred, and integrate storytelling and poetic expression into their practices.

It's important to note that modern paganism encompasses a wide range of beliefs and practices, and there's no single definitive version of it. People may identify as Wiccans, Heathens, Druids, Hellenic Reconstructionists, and more. As with any religious or spiritual movement, beliefs and practices can vary widely from individual to individual.

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